Leadtime Leader Q&A: Krieger Craftsmen and MSI Mold Builders
We invited last year’s Leadtime Leader winner and honorable mention shops to share some of their thoughts about some hot industry topics.
How do you define “data-driven manufacturing?”
Krieger: It is the collection and documenting of information in an organized fashion, so you can easily continue to add to it and use it to make informed decisions. Everything requires data, including a mold design that allows delivery of the highest quality and most robust mold, with proper draft angles for shutoffs and steel conditions to endure millions of cycles.
Bral: Data-driven manufacturing comes down to using the best information you have to make the best, most informed decision that you can. We’ve probably all heard the saying, “Without data, you’re just another person with an opinion.” For me, that holds true, because the data should guide you the right way in scenarios where you have enough of it to make a good decision. A lot of disagreements over a decision can be attributed to not having enough clear information.
How does it apply to your company’s operations?
Krieger: We use the E2 ERP (enterprise resource planning) system to track all work through our shop, as well as for cost analysis. We have workcenters and machining centers, and our employees use 16 terminals in the shop to record their time, jobs worked on, etc. We monitor how many hours go into a job, how much we outsource and why, and how much it costs us. For example, although third-party metrology services are not overly expensive, all the preparation and freight it takes to ship the mold and then wait for the results is very time-consuming. We do that in house with our new Faro blue-light laser scanner that generates 400,000 points per second and reverse engineering software. Using the data collected helps us create the 3D CAD model of the mold. Following approval, the design moves to the CAM arena where we apply best practices and experiential knowledge to create cutter paths, including EDMing the finished tool. It’s all data-driven.
Bral: It certainly plays into our shopfloor improvements. We determine and solve bottlenecks in our operations, such as when one department is regularly behind its due dates and another has the most overtime but struggles to get product through. We use data to decide how to improve this kind of situation, perhaps adding people, another shift or a new machine. Although all of these options might be viable, only one will make the most sense based on what the numbers tell you. We also use data to improve our design processes, evaluting how to reduce lead times in engineering without sacrificing quality, for example. We establish baselines and use value stream mapping to see what’s critical and what’s not. Then we revisit them to see if the needle has moved in the right direction.
Where do you see data-driven manufacturing going in the next three to five years?
Krieger: As we continue to add information to our database, it will help guide us in procuring the latest technology and give us a competitive edge. I believe there will be better and more user-friendly applications developed in ERP, CAD and CAM, allowing us to continue to be more productive.
Bral: I think the future value of data-based improvements lies in some of the “softer” areas, such as sales, customer relationships and market changes, where data has not been as plentiful, is harder to get or hasn’t shown statistical significance in the past. You can create robust plans based on the appropriate responses you make to certain changes in market conditions, for example. You can have a sales plan that says how best (statistically) to handle a market, an account or even a person. I define “best” as what is statistically best, because it’s not going to be the best decision in every scenario, but it’s the decision that is most likely to give you the desired outcome. You are making the decision that gives you the best long-term outcome.
Finding, Training & Retaining Employees, Part 13
Knowing how a machine is tuned will improve your decision making for mold construction and adjustments.
A look at some of the factors influencing the success of your machining center investment.