Switch to Hot Runners Pays Off for Pulley Molder

Retlaw has cut scrap, improved part quality and slashed cycles since adopting hot runner technology.

Change never comes easily in manufacturing, and injection molding is no different. Retlaw Industries got along fine without hot runners in its 40-year history, so why would the company bother changing? After all, if it’s not broken, why fix it?

Retlaw Industries is based in Hartland, Wisconsin. Retlaw started in 1977 as a tool shop making molds. Then it added a press to sample molds. “By 1982, we were asking our customers, ‘Why don’t we just mold your products too?’” says Mark Eberhardt, CEO and sole owner of the family-owned group. Today, moldmaking is a small part of the company’s business.

Retlaw operates out of a 50,000 square-foot plant, employs about 40 people and runs 20 injection molding machines ranging in size from 50-720 tons clamping force. Its business is split evenly between custom jobs and a proprietary product line of 33 percent glass-filled nylon pulleys that it sells directly to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) of lawn and garden equipment, conveyors, fitness equipment and manufacturers in a range of other industries.

Until this past spring, Retlaw could not justify utilizing hot runners on its pulley line. Eberhardt says, “Initially the volume wasn’t there. The sales weren’t there, so it didn’t make sense for us to invest in a hot-runner system. But as that changed, so did our philosophy on manufacturing the part and the best way to mold the part.”

Retlaw started to look more seriously at hot runner technology about two years ago. The company started working with Osco Inc. of Rochester Hills, Michigan. Retlaw engineers and Peter Rebholz, Osco’s vice president of sales, noticed something troubling on a three-plate, four-cavity mold running small-diameter pulleys. It was eye-opening. “The runner was a pretty substantial percentage of the overall shot weight,” Rebholz says. He meant that this application was ideal for going runnerless. Eberhardt says, “The parts were getting smaller, the volumes were getting higher and we were generating a higher percentage of regrind than we were comfortable putting back into the process. We were generating a lot of regrind and dust, which translated into increased maintenance on grinders and dryers. We really wanted to get rid of the mess and the cost associated with it.”

To address this problem, Retlaw and Osco worked together to retrofit a single-cavity mold with the latter’s Multi-Gate Nozzle (MGN) technology. The pulleys had six gating points on the three-plate tool. Peter Rebholz says, “In initial discussions with Retlaw’s engineering team, the team said it wanted six points of injection on the hot runner system. That’s perfectly logical. I thought we would be able to produce a well-balanced part with only three gates, which will also keep the expense down. As it turned out, three injection points gave everything to Retlaw that it wanted. So, when we went into the multi-cavity tool, we were able to keep the hot runner cost down and the controller cost down.” 

Osco’s MGN provides a balanced feed to each gate and minimal residence time within the hot runner. Offering temperature control at multiple gates, MGN has been shown to be effective especially when molding “round parts that need to stay round,” Rebholz says. For Retlaw, the MGN is furnished with carbide tips. This is important because glass-filled nylon tends to run hot, and it tends to be abrasive. 

In its collaboration with Osco, Retlaw’s next step was to build an entirely new tool around the hot-runner technology. The tool is equipped with inserts, which enable the pulleys to be molded in a variety of sizes, diameters, wall thickness and configurations. Eberhardt says that since making the shift to hot runners, Retlaw has noticed a 6 percent improvement in molding cycles and better part quality. What’s more, he says, “we don’t run the granulator anymore because there’s nothing to regrind.” The molder used to run pulleys on 310-ton presses because of the size of the tool. Now, it molds the same parts on 200-ton presses, which saves energy.

What’s next for Retlaw and hot runners? “Our goal is to take all existing tooling for our line of pulleys and retrofit them to accommodate hot runners,” Eberhardt says. “If we find that retrofitting is not possible, then we will build new tooling as we move forward to 
accommodate hot-runner technology.”

About the Author

Jim Callari

Jim Callari is the editorial director and associate publisher of Plastics Technology magazine.


Haven’t Seen MMT’s Magazine for October 2017? Get It Here.

Some of what you can find in the October issue:

From the Editor: Honoring Excellence in Mold Manufacturing 

Feature: Mexico: Manufacturing Mecca to the South

Feature: Limiting Stress Limits Chances of Plastic Part Failure

Feature: Choosing Between FSS and Fiber Laser Systems

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