Changes to Electrode Material And EDM Program Yield Increased Throughput
A look at the positive effects of a change of electrode material.
Rexam Mold Manufacturing (RMM; Buffalo Grove, IL) is one of the world’s leading producers of closures for a wide range of uses to include beverages, foods and containers for industries from household to healthcare. Their distinction comes from a level of excellence that all Rexam associates strive to maintain and allows the organization to produce products of the highest quality standards. Jack Fiorito, Special Tooling Manager is one of these individuals. Recently, Fiorito was involved in a project for several cores to be produced out of a high strength alloy popular in the industry for its thermal properties.
When a high thermal conductive material is EDMed, the energy of the EDM spark is easily dissipated throughout the workpiece. EDMing this material in the same manner as more common metals yields reduced performances and increases the electrode wear.
Fiorito experienced this when EDMing the cores with POCO EDM-3. Due to the negative polarity on the EDM required to burn this workmetal, he was met with the dilemma of needing additional electrodes in order to get the job completed. For the number of cores on this job, Fiorito calculated that 48 electrodes would be sufficient; however, after making the first set of burns he realized that this job would ultimately require 73 electrodes.
At this time, Fiorito contacted Dave Pedersen, an EDM Applications Sales Specialist with Poco Graphite. Pedersen suggested a change in the electrode material from EDM-3 to EDM-C3, a copper-impregnated electrode material more suited to EDMing thermally conductive materials. In addition to recommending a different electrode material, Dave also suggested slight changes to the EDM program.
There is a common practice of using a more economical electrode when EDMing materials high thermal conductive material; however, Fiorito knew that it was more important to focus on the overall manufacturing cost as opposed to only the individual electrode cost.
While working together, Fiorito and Pedersen were able to reduce the amount of electrodes required as well as the EDM time to complete the job. The number of electrodes required dropped back down from 73 to 38. With EDM-3, the burn time was 3.5 hours per core while the EDM-C3 burned each core in 2.0 hours.
Taking all factors into account, the overall manufacturing cost for this job was reduced enough to offset the added cost of the EDM-C3. Interestingly enough, Fiorito tracked the costs and provided the summary in the Chart.
While the EDM-C3 material costs twice as much as EDM-3 per electrode, the overall manufacturing costs on this job were reduced by more than $8,850.00. In addition to this, with the amount of hours saved machining fewer electrodes and the reduced EDM time, Fiorito and Pedersen calculated that an additional 140 hours of increased throughput can be realized.
The new Business Unit Manager at Rexam Mold Manufacturing, Len Graham, is guiding the EDM
department to full palletization of electrodes and mold components—both referenced to a palletized
precision gage ball followed by robotic setting and unloading of the same. These pictures were taken prior to those very recent high level management changes and do not reflect the new processes currently being implemented.
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